|Dr. Valerie Steeves|
Dr. Steeves went on to discuss that children conceptualize digital privacy very differently from adults. For the most part, she states, children rely on social norms to preserve their privacy online—in other words, if content wasn't meant for a certain audience, kids believe it is the responsibility of the audience to not look. Further, children use the digital world to explore their identities, to navigate trust and friendship, and to grow up. She explained that while kids might like talking to their family members online, parents and older relatives tend to "freak out" about online safety and end up invading kids' private online spaces, including private messages and texts. Children in her studies were very aware of surveillance from not only their parents and schools but also corporations and felt helpless and distrustful in response.
Finally, Dr. Steeves closed with a discussion of the social impact of this digital surveillance. She explained that algorithmic sorting—which is used to show ads based on the demographics and predicted interests of the viewer—exposes girls to female-focused products and media representations of women that establishes norms for social presentation. The girls she has studied were very aware of the sexist double-standard for how women present themselves online, and exposed the constant balancing act necessary to be "pretty, and a little sexy." Successful self-presentation is mediated, Dr. Steeves argued, by a girl's ability to live up to the popular media images that commercial interests present.
In sum, Dr. Steeves felt that the data protection model we currently have does not reflect kids' online world, and children need anonymity, space to explore identity and self-expression, and freedom from the commercialization that pushes impossible standards upon them.
Aside from the keynote address, the symposium included 22 papers and 30 posters. Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), home to the CyLab Usable Privacy and Security (CUPS) Lab and the MSIT-Privacy Engineering Masters Program, was well-represented at the symposium.
|SOUPS 2015 poster session|
In addition to the IAPP SOUPS Privacy Award winning paper, “My Data Just Goes Everywhere: User Mental Models of the Internet and Implications for Privacy and Security" by Ruogu Kang (HCII, CMU), Laura Dabbish (HCII & Heinz, CMU), Nathaniel Fruchter (Heinz, CMU), and Sara Kiesler (HCII, CMU); two other CMU papers were presented:
- A Design Space for Effective Privacy Notices, by Florian Schaub (CMU), Rebecca Balebako (RAND Corporation), Adam L. Durity (Google), and Lorrie Faith Cranor (CMU)
- "I Added '!' At The End To Make It Secure": Observing Password Creation in the Lab by Blase Ur, Fumiko Noma, Jonathan Bees, Sean M. Segreti, Richard Shay, Lujo Bauer, Nicolas Christin, and Lorrie Faith Cranor (CMU)
|Florian Schaub presenting poster.|
- You Can Do Better — Motivational Statements in Password-Meter Feedback by David Eargle (University of Pittsburgh), John Godfrey, Hsin Miao, Scott Stevenson, Rich Shay, Blase Ur, Lorrie Cranor (CMU)
- Your Location has been Shared 5,398 Times! A Field Study on Mobile App Privacy Nudging by Hazim Almuhimedi, Florian Schaub, Norman Sadeh (CMU), Idris Adjerid (University of Notre Dame), Alessandro Acquisti, Joshua Gluck, Lorrie Cranor, Yuvraj Agarwal (CMU)
SOUPS 2016 will be held June 22-24 in Denver, Colorado.